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Istanbul
Jan  
Feb 
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Rainfall  (mm)
95
71
58
43
30
23
19
16
29
53
90
102
Rainfall (inch)
3.7
2.8
2.3
1.7
1.2
0.9
0.7
0.6
1.1
2.1
3.5
4.0
Min.Temp  (°c)
3
3
4
8
12
16
18
19
15
12
8
5
Max.Temp(°c)
9
9
11
16
21
26
28
28
25
20
15
11
Min.Temp  (°F)
37
37
39
46
54
61
65
66
60
54
47
41
Max.Temp (°F)
48
48
52
62
70
79
83
83
77
68
59
52

CLIMATE Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the diverse nature of the landscape, and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the coasts, result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to the other. While the coastal regions enjoy milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau experiences hot summers and cold winters with limited rainfall.

CURRENCY Turkish Lira is available in the following denominations: Banknotes: 5, 10, 20, 50 &100 TL Coins: 1, 5, 10, 25 & 50 Kuruş and 1 TL You can obtain currency before travelling to Turkey or upon arrival. Exchange rates are usually slightly better in Turkey and all international airports have exchange facilities. Usually, cash can be exchanged without charging commission in exchange offices, banks or hotels. Please note that Scottish notes are not accepted in Turkey. Travellers' cheques can be exchanged in banks only. Cash point machines (ATM) are available in most areas, which accept major credit and debit cards and give instructions in English.

DRESS There are no hard and fast rules but it is best to use common sense when deciding what to wear. If staying on a beach resort it is fine to dress as you feel comfortable. For city breaks relaxed clothing is the most suitable with comfortable shoes and casual trousers and/or a dress if you intend to do lots of walking. When visiting mosques you should take off your shoes at the entrance and both sexes should dress modestly with no shorts and arms and shoulders covered during visits to mosques.

ELECTRICITY The mains voltage for electricity is 220V and 50Hz. Central European type wall socket (two-pin plugs) is standard in Turkey.

FOOD is mostly excellent combining elements of Mediterranean & Near-Eastern cuisine. Vegetarian dishes are readily available.

LANGUAGE English is Turkey's second widest spoken language and you will easily find English speakers in the major cities and holiday resorts. Restaurant menus and other information for foreigners are often printed in English.

OPENING TIMES Pharmacies: 9 AM to 19 PM, Monday to Saturday. 24-Hour duty pharmacies are available on a rota basis that the names and addresses can be found on any pharmacy.) Museums: 9 AM to 17 PM, Tuesday to Sunday. Post Offices: Major post offices are open from 08.00-00.00 Monday to Saturday and from 09.00-19.00 on Sundays. Small post offices are open 9 AM to 17 PM, Monday to Friday. (Extended hours applied on peak periods at major Holiday destinations). Banks: 9 AM to 17 PM, Monday to Friday. (Some closes for lunch break.) Shopping Malls are open seven days a week and stay open until late.

POST OFFICE SERVICES Turkish post offices are easily recognizable by the yellow and black 'PTT' signs. As well as selling stamps and telephone tokens and cards, some post offices will provide cargo services, international phone calls and fax services, exchange cash (PTT Bank) as well as international postal orders and travellers' cheques. The major air express companies including DHL, UPS and FedEx serve Turkey.

SMOKING It is not permitted in flights, public places, tour buses , public transportation, in restaurants and bars. Smoking its possible only in open air areas of restaurants and bars.

TAXES All goods and services in Turkey are subject to a Value Added Tax called KDV. Current VAT is 18%. Tax on basic food items, education and healthcare is 8%. Higher tax is levied on luxury goods.

TAX REFUND Non-residents may reclaim the sales taxes they have paid on some goods and services, so you're advised to keep your bills and receipts. You can get copies of the necessary forms at customs, tourist information centres, hotels and some department stores. 

TELECOMMUNICATIONS & MOBILE PHONES Cellular communications in Turkey operate on the European bands (900 MHz as well as 1800 MHz). International calls can be placed easily from any fixed line phone. The international prefix is 00. For example, to call the US, dial 00 1 plus the relevant American area code and number. To call the UK, dial 00 44. The major GSM operators in Turkey are Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea. You can use your mobile phone in Turkey if your provider has enabled international roaming. However, if you intend to stay for a long time in the country or make several calls, it may be preferable to buy a local prepaid SIM card. 

TIME ZONE Turkey is 7 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time and 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean-Time.

TIPPING A tip of 10-15% is customarily left for waiters and waitresses at the table, calculated on the pre-tax total of your bill. It will not be calculated for you - the additional charges on a restaurant bill are taxes, not service charges, and are not voluntary. It is not required but customary to tip taxi drivers, rounding up to the nearest YTL. (maximum 10%)

VACCINATIONS - No special vaccinations necessary.

VISAS While planning your trip to Turkey do not forget to check your passport if it is valid for at least 90 days. Depending on your nationality, most probably your stay as a tourist is limited up to 3 months (for one entrance). For tourist visas for many countries, there is no need to apply in advance or to fill in any forms. However, please check the Ministry of Foreign Affairs websitehttp://www.mfa.gov.tr/. You may also check with the Turkish Embassy in your country for the latest visa updates.

WATER Although tap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink, bottled water is recommended, which is readily and affordably available.

WEIGHTS & MEASURES Turkey uses the metric system



   
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